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图which引导的定语从句whichwho引导的定语从句-【xinwen】

发布时间:2021-10-12 09:50:03 阅读: 来源:甲醛生产家厂家

which, who引导的定语从句

看下面的几个例句:

It successfully shows the rich culture which makes Beijing so famous.

它成功地展示了使北京闻名遐迩的悠久文化。

The photo which we liked best was taken by Zhao Min.

我们最喜欢的照片是赵敏照的

先行词是物 引导词在从句中作主语

先行词是物 引导词在从句中作宾语

由此,我们可以看出:which引导的定语从句修饰的是无生命的东西。which在从句中的成分是可以作主语,也可以作宾语。

下面我们再看一个句子:

先行词是人 .

引导词在从句中作主语

由此,我们可以看出:

如果先行词是人,那么定语从句的引导词就可以是who。

注意:当who 在从句中作宾语时,在现代语法规则简化为大多数情况下都可用who了。

如:Do you know Mr Zhang who(m) they like very much?

在先行词是物的定语从句中,一般情况下that和which都可以通用, 但在下列情况下, 一般用that而不用which。

(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不

定代词时。

I am sure she has something that you can borrow.

(2).先行词被all, little, much, every, no, 等修饰时。

I’ve read all the books that are not mine.

(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。

This is the first book that he has read

(4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。

This is the very book that belongs to him.

(5)先行词为人和物的组合。

They talked for an hour of things and persons that they remembered in the

which引导的定语从句 which,who引导的定语从句

school.

(6)若主句中有疑问代词 who 或者 which,为了避免重复, 关系代词不要再用 who, which,而用 that。

Which of the books that you borrowed from the library is the most interesting?

小练习

1. Mr.Green, there is someone at the front desk_____ would like to speak with you. (05 广州)

A. he B. who C. which D. whom

2. Yao Ming is a famous basketball star___ is playing in the NBA. (06吉林)

A. whose B. who C. what D. which

3. Lian Zhan with his visitors___ from Taiwan _____paying his first visit to the mainland of China. (06 兰州)

A. who come; is B. who is; is

C. which come; is D. that are; are

4. He likes music___ he could dance to.(06 福建)

A. who B. that C. whom D. what

5. -- Is the girl ___ is interviewing the manager of that company your friend? -- Yes, she is a journalist from CCTV.(06 天津)

A. who B. that C. whom D. what

6. This is the bag _____ my mother bought yesterday.

A. that B. who C. whom D. this

7. The man _____ lives next to us is my English teacher.

A. whom B. which C. who D. /

8. The only language _____ is easy to learn is the mother tongue.

A. whi B. that C. / D. it

9. The girl handed everything _____ she had picked up in the street to the police.

A. which B. in which C. that D. all

10. Please show me the book _____ you bought yesterday.

A. which B. whom C. whose D. this

11. This is the best book _____ I have been looking for all this year.

A. who B. whom C. which D. /

12. The man _____ was here just now is a doctor.

A. whom B. who C. / D. he

13. The boy _____ has two lovely dogs.

A. who live next door B. which lives next door

C. whom lives next door D. that lives next door

14. Those _____ made no mistakes in today’s exercises please raise your hands.

A. which B. whom C. that D. who

15. Don’t go in, this is the shop _____ we have just been _____.

A. /, to B. that, / C. where, to D. which, there

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